Sergey N. Chernov1, 2, Tatyana I. Chernova1, 3
1Department of Multidisciplinary Scientific Research, Karelian Research Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Petrozavodsk, Russia
2Institute of Economics and Law, Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk, Russia, email@example.com
Abstract. Environmental legislation and permitting activities in the field of nature protection in Finland and Norway aim to protect biological, geological and landscape diversity and ecological processes through conservation and sustainable use, and in such a way that the environment provides the basis for human activity, culture, health and well-being. In the 1980s, these countries tried to solve complex environmental problems by doing scientific research on environmental protection problems. The analysis of the state of the northern nature showed that the environmental consequences of the intensive industrialization of states led to frequent cases of contamination of land, air and water resources with toxic materials and other pollutants. Despite the global attention to pollution, the impact of the other pollutants is still felt due to its serious long-term consequences.
The main purpose of the study is to search for legal means and ways that can avert a real threat to human health and help in the preservation of global ecosystems, based on both domestic and foreign experience. Such a means is control and supervisory activity, which makes it possible to tighten responsibility for environmental offenses and create conditions for the preservation of the natural environment.
Research methods: synthesis, system analysis, analogy, as well as special scientific methods (technical and legal analysis, logical, comparative legal methods, etc.). When writing the work, the requirements of completeness of the material, objectivity of analysis, reliability of data were fulfilled.
Conclusions: Finland and Norway have made efforts to limit the impact of pollution on the northern nature, the organization of environmental management. Countries successfully use control over nature protection facilities in their environmental activities. Of particular importance is the environmental supervision of enterprises that require permits for activities related to interference with the natural environment, and which are responsible for submitting reports in accordance with the Law on Environmental Protection. Surveillance operations help to reduce emissions into surface and groundwater, air and soil, reduce the use of hazardous substances, ensure the collection, transportation and processing of waste in accordance with legal requirements. Supervision and inspections are the dominant approach to environmental management.
Keywords: protection of biological, geological and landscape diversity, environmental management, health protection
For citation. Chernov S. N., Chernova T. I. Permissive and Supervisory Activities of Finland and Norway in the Field of Environmental Protection. Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 2022, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 109—117. DOI: 10.12737/ jflcl.2022.080