Anatoly I. Kovler1, Anna A. Kashirkina2
1, 2Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Abstract. The review describes the work of the 130th and 131st plenary sessions of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) held in March and June 2022.
Within the framework of the 130th plenary session of the Venice Commission, opinions on the legislation of Armenia, Belarus, Chile, Kosovo, Romania, Croatia were discussed and adopted. The topics of the requests, on which the VC opinions were prepared, were related to the implementation of constitutional reforms, the reform of the prosecutor’s office, and the implementation of judicial reforms. As a result of the opinions adopted at the 130th plenary session, the Venice Commission drew noteworthy conclusions, as well as formulated proposals and recommendations regarding specific issues on amending the legislation of individual states. Also, within the framework of the 130th session, the Venice Commission adopted comprehensive documents of a scientific and legal nature that deserve attention: a report on internal procedures for the ratification and denunciation of international treaties; a compilation on legal certainty.
Within the framework of the 131st plenary session of the Venice Commission, a number of opinions were adopted, including the joint opinion of the Venice Commission and the Directorate General for Human Rights and the Rule of Law of the Council of Europe on the Azerbaijani Media Law, the opinion on the amendments made in December 2021 to the Organic Law “On General Courts of Georgia”, joint opinion of the Venice Commission and the ODIHR/OSCE on the draft law on political parties of Mongolia, opinion on the draft law on the independence of the judiciary of Lebanon, opinion on the constitutional and legislative framework regarding the referendum and the announcement of elections by the President of the Republic of Tunisia, opinion on the draft Code of State Property of Tunisia, amicus curiae for the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on the limits of subsequent (a posteriori) review of constitutional amendments by the Constitutional Court, explanatory report to the Code of Good Practice for Holding Referendums. The Venice Commission was also informed about the actions taken by States to take into account the recommendations contained in its previously adopted opinions.
Keywords: Venice Commission, plenary sessions, legislation, constitution, reform, opinion, prosecutor’s office, judicial system, international treaties, ratification, denunciation, legal certainty
For citation. Kovler A. I., Kashirkina A. A. Review of the 130th and 131st Plenary Sessions of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) (18—19 March 2022, 17—18 June 2022). Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 2022, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 84—94. DOI: 10.12737/jflcl.2022.067