senior research fellow of the Department of foreign constitutional, administrative, criminal legislation and international law of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, candidate of legal sciences
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The article is dedicated to the Third International Conference “Fiqh, Law and Social Facts” held on 28 February — 1 March 2018 by the Islamic Research Centre of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majlis) of the Islamic Republic of Iran. At the invitation of the Islamic Research Centre the following representatives of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation took part in the work of the Conference: head of the Centre of foreign legislation and comparative law, professor A. I. Kovler, LL. D. and senior researcher of the Department of foreign constitutional, administrative, criminal legislation and international law, V. Yu. Artemov, Ph.D. The Conference was also attended by guests from many other countries such as: Qatar, Turkey, Oman, Lebanon, Tunisia, etc., outstanding Iranian and foreign scholars, specialists in Islamic law, theologians and legal practitioners. The guests of the Conference emphasized the seriousness of the social challenges and problems, which Islamic countries are facing now, and discussed the answers that fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and Muslim law in general can give to the social challenges of the present time: poverty, social inequality, crime, etc. The scholars discussed the current role of fiqh in relation to social problems, analysis of the social problems of modern society, individually and collectively, the legal aspect of such phenomena as identity crisis, generations gap, etc., economic and cultural needs of different generations. The leitmotif of many sectional speeches, voiced both by Iranian and foreign participants, was the statement that fiqh and its practical normative expression in legislation should correspond to both Islamic traditions and modern challenges.
Keywords: Islamic law, Muslim law, fiqh, Islam, social facts, Islamic jurisprudence.