S. A. Gracheva
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation
The article examines the topic of subsidiarity, which is subject of an increasing attention being a principle or doctrine of developing relations on an interstate (supranational) basis. However, it is often considered through its traditional “constitutional” assessment concerning the issue of public authority. It is proposed to identify subsidiarity in international law in connection with its “federalist” significance for the purposes of regional integration (based on the experience of the European Union) (competency doctrine); taking into account the recognition, almost universally, of the exhaustion of national remedies before applying to international authorities (the doctrine on the method of procedural interconnection of institutes for the protection of rights). In both cases, the effectiveness of subsidiarity has become largely determined by its judicial context (interpretation). The problem of subsidiarity is "originally" developed in connection with the experience of the European Court of Human Rights — its normative adoption is not only a legally-moderate continuation of the discourse on the "non-interference" of the supranational court, "state sovereignty and human rights". Also it is an indicator of the current stage of inter-level interaction on basis of the law of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which is sometimes considered constitutional. At the same time, the topic of a strict or extensive interpretation of subsidiarity in the procedural meaning retains its current interest.
It is substantiated that the interest in subsidiarity in international law as a whole corresponds to the modern trends of its development (in the context of its fragmentation, judicial multiplication of legal universals), however, the attention to this doctrine does not, as expected, fits into the classic ideas of international law and its principles. At the same time, its consideration is possible based on ideas about the constitutionalisation of international law (internationalization of constitutional law). Such ideas, although initially (we believe erroneously) are considered from the position of a “normative” logic of relations. Nevertheless, they rather suggest a departure from it in favor of a dynamic inter-level relationship and a search for a balance based on the values of law that have received sufficient universalization.
subsidiarity, international law, constitutionalisation, inter-level interaction, legal order, exhaustion of local remedies, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Court of Human Rights, judicial dialogue.
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